North-western Russia as the land area which lies along Finland's eastern border, bounds on the Barents Sea in the north, the Ural Mountains in the east, and the upper course of the Volga in the south. There are ten regions-subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Karelia, the Republic of Komi, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Murmansk Oblast, Vologodsk Oblast, St. Petersburg, Leningrad Oblast, Pskov Oblast, Novgorod Oblast and Kirov Oblast) in the North-western Russia. Also the North-western Russia includes Kaliningrad Oblast. It's the smallest region of Russia separated from the rest part of the country. Kaliningrad Oblast has border with Poland and Lithuania. Eight regions of the North-western Russia (the Republic of Karelia, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Murmansk Oblast, St. Petersburg, Leningrad Oblast,
Pskov Oblast, Novgorod Oblast and Kaliningrad Oblast) are presented in this brochure. These eight regions are eligible under BSR Interreg III B Initiative. The total area of these regions amounts to 67.2% of the North-West Region's area. The main metropolis of this area is St.Petersburg, now the biggest industrial city on the Baltic Sea. Arkhangelsk Oblast and Republic of Karelia are largest by the territory.
There are several common characteristics in this vast area. This North-western area:
is sparsely populated,
is culturally oriented to the West,
holds important transport links which go through the region,
owns very large forest resources,
carries on mining activities and has large basic-metal plants,
owns very large hydrocarbon reserves,
holds specific traffic infrastructure (pipelines, channels, railways),
is of strategic (military, natural resources and trade) importance, and
is appealing for Western investors interested in forests, gas, oil and minerals.
The regions differ in natural resources as well as level of economic development. In 1999 Murmansk Oblast and the Republic of Karelia were leaders by the industrial output per capita. Leaders by the index of investment attractiveness were Leningrad Oblast, St. Petersburg and Murmansk Oblast. The highest income level per capita was in Murmansk Oblast, St. Petersburg and the Republic of Karelia.
Investments in the fixed assets per capita, R
* thousand Roubles
Monetary income (on average in month), R
* thousand Roubles
Industrial output, per capita, R
<* * thousand Roubles
Living space (sq. m per capita) and cars (units per 100 people), 1999
Distribution of regions by area , %
Republic of Karelia
Northwest Federal District: Social and Economic Development Strategy for a Period
of the Plenipotentiary of the RF President in the North-West Federal Region